The FGM-148 Javelin and BGM-71 TOW are American anti-tank missiles.
According to our research the FGM in 148 Javelin is an acronym for Flight Guidance Module. It is an American man-portable fire-and-forget anti-tank missile.
The TOW ("Tube-launched, Optically tracked, Wire-guided") was first produced in 1970, the TOW is one of the most widely used anti-tank guided missiles
TOW replaced much smaller missiles like the SS.10 and ENTAC, offering roughly twice the effective range, a more powerful warhead, and a greatly improved semi-automatic guidance system that could also be equipped with infrared cameras for night time use.
Some Additional Information
Anti-tank guns which use these missiles are a form of artillery designed to destroy tanks and other armored fighting vehicles, normally from a static defensive position.The development of specialized anti-tank munitions and anti-tank guns was prompted by the appearance of tanks during World War I.
To destroy hostile tanks, artillerymen often used field guns depressed to fire directly at their targets. However, this practice expended too much valuable ammunition and was of increasingly limited effectiveness as tank armor became thicker.
The first dedicated anti-tank artillery began appearing in the 1920s and by World War II was a common appearance in many European armies.In order to penetrate armor they fired specialized ammunition from longer barrels to achieve a higher muzzle velocity than field guns.
Most anti-tank guns were developed in the 1930s as improvements in tanks were noted, and nearly every major arms manufacturer produced one type or another.